The word Diamond comes from the Greek work "Adamas" which means indestructible.
Diamonds were formed under immense heat and pressure hundreds of miles below the sea level. Volcanic explosion forced them upwards after nearly 100 millions years of formation. The diamonds were formed more than 70 million years ago when volcanic explosion brought this diamond bearing ore to the surface. After the cooling of the magma, it solidifies into a blue mass, or kimberlite, where the precious rough diamonds are still found today. Rated 10 on the Mohs scale of hardness, diamonds are the hardest substance on the earth, but their appeal goes far beyond durability. Approximately 250 tons of ore must be mined and processed in order to produce a single, one-carat, polished, gem-quality diamond. This is what makes them so valuable and unique.
Where it is Found?
The first diamond mining endeavors were undertaken nearly 4000 years ago in ancient India. Modern mining started in the 19th century in the South Africa. Botswana, Russia, South Africa, Angola, Namibia, Australia and Zaire are among the top diamond producing nations, accounting for nearly 80% of the world's rough diamond supply.
The Cultural Alignment:
The cultural alignment with diamonds has been there throughout the centuries. The ancient Greeks and Romans believed diamond were tears of the Gods and splinters from falling stars. Then, the Hindus attributed so much power to these precious stones they went so far as to place diamonds in the eyes of some of their statues. Diamonds were thought to bring about luck and success and also change the course of astrological events.
The Symbol of Love:
Diamonds today are cherished for their astonishing natural beauty and their aura of being such a special and magical gift. As of today a diamond is more than just a jewel, it is the ultimate symbol of love.
Anatomy of Diamond: